CME Credit Information

Number of Credits: 2 CME Credits

Credit Type:


Course Objectives

  • Review of the causes, symptoms, and principles of management of acute arterial insufficiency of the lower extremities.
  • Discuss the complications of  reperfusion of the ischemic leg, primarily compartment syndrome.
  • Discuss the features of embolic arterial occlusion as compared to occlusion due to atherosclerosis.
  • Discuss the differences between proximal (aortoiliac) and distal (femoral, popliteal, and tibial) occlusive disease.
  • Review the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic arterial occlusive disease with emphasis on proper conduct and interpretation of ankle pressure measurements.
  • Review the principles, methods, interpretation, and pitfalls of ankle and digital pressure measurements.
  • Review Raynaud’s disease and Burger’s disease as special cases of acute (Raynaud’s) and chronic (Burger’s) occlusive disorders.


Ted Kohler, MD
Professor Emeritus, University of Washington
Department of Surgery
Seattle, Washington


The Institute for Advanced Medical Education is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The Institute for Advanced Medical Education designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

These credits are accepted by ARDMS/APCA, CCI, Sonography Canada and most other credentialing bodies.

For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board or other credentialing organization.

Target Audience

Physicians, sonographers and others who perform and/or interpret vascular ultrasound.

System Requirements

In order to complete this program you must have a computer with a recent browser version. You must also have the capability to display and print PDF files in order to view and print out your certificate. (Note: Your CME certificate is stored in your account and is available at any time.)

For any questions or problems concerning this program or for problems related to the printing of the certificate, please contact IAME at 802-824-4433 or

Instructions for Participation and Credit

This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity during the valid credit period. To receive AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, you must receive a minimum score of 70% on the post-test.

Follow these steps to earn CME credit:

  • Read the target audience, learning objectives, and author disclosures.
  • Study the educational content online or printed out.
  • Take the CME quiz. Choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score of 70%. We encourage you to complete the Activity Evaluation to provide feedback for future programming.

Your CME credits will be archived in the account you create and can be accessed at any time.

Estimated Time for Completion: approximately 2 hours
Date of Release and Review: December 11, 2017
Expiration Date: December 10, 2020


In compliance with the Essentials and Standards of the ACCME, the author of this CME tutorial is required to disclose any significant financial or other relationships they may have with commercial interests.

Ted Kohler MD discloses no such relationships exist.

No one at IAME who had control over the planning or content of this activity has relationships with commercial interests.